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Published:2014-06-07 Hits:4307

Marie K. HARDER, PhD

Professor, PhD Adviser, National China Thousand Talents Professor

804 YiFu Science & Technology Building

Dept. of Environmental Science & Engineering, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai, China 200433

Tel: 86 21 65648703




My work can be roughly divided into the following topics (current and most recent first):

l  Applied Sustainable Development

  •  Values-based Indicators
  •  Education for Sustainable Development
  •  Behaviour Change e.g. for recycling, low-carbon lifestyle

l  (Waste Stream Flows: quantification & modelling)

l  Household Waste: minimisation and increased recycling

l  Public Education: waste awareness

l  (End-of-Life Vehicles (ELV): materials recovery)

l  (Pyrolysis of Shredder Residues: related metal contaminations)

l  (Nuclear Structure Physics)


More information:


Current Interests

        The inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary work I enjoy has a modern name: Sustainable Development. It is a discipline which is difficult to define and specify. It involves a simultaneous, multi-pronged approach of related issues covering environmental, financial and social domains. People often find Sustainable Development difficult to grasp because it is not a separate discipline to others, but overlaps many, in different ways. For workers in this field, an ability to keep an overview across different disciplines is critically important, but so also is the need for depth in some specialism. For example, my specialism has been physical sciences and waste management in particular, but I have demonstrated that I deal with waste issues in fuller environmental, social and financial contexts – this approach then qualifies as Applied Sustainable Development. This does not mean that I work on ‘everything’; it means that I take wider, real-life, issues into account when I work on ‘anything’.

        While at Fudan University I wish to focus on Applications of Sustainable Development in science (social and physical), education, business and civil society. This means I would like to interact with each of these disciplines in Fudan, Shanghai and China, providing collaboration which will enhance international status with increased sustainable content e.g. in journal publications, engagement activities with society, and teaching of graduates and undergraduates in each discipline. I have offered to do this via:

l  shared research projects with staff in these disciplines,

l  help with journal writing,

l  help with curriculum development, and

l  help with engagement with businesses and civil groups,

   creating a loose network of staff interested in applying and leading sustainable development in their own field. My exact approach will need to be developed over time; anyone (staff or students) interested should just contact me to see if have any overlapping interests!   

        Applied Sustainable Development requires an overview across different disciplines as well as depth in a specialism. My specialism has been waste management but more recently it is Values-based Indicators (see and which has applications in environmental topics, business, economics, government, civil society and education where it can be used to develop mission statements, prioritise, measure progress and cause deep behaviour change. Papers and working papers on these will be available online shortly.


Academic Achievements:


Refereed publications




Conference presentations




Major reports




Phd completions

in  physics



in waste/resource management 



in sustainable development



current in sustainable development


due in 2012-2015

Landfill tax research funds

6 grants totalling



Industry/la funded research

11 grants totalling



Industry/la/defra funded research

30 grants totalling



Industry/la/defra funded research

20 grants totalling







  1. Liu, Pingyang, Ravenscroft, Neil, Harder, Marie and Dai, Xingyi (2015) The knowledge cultures of changing farming practices in a water town of the Southern Yangtze Valley, China Agriculture and Human Values. ISSN 0889-048X
  2. Velasco, Ismael and Harder, Marie (2014) From Attitude Change to Behaviour Change: Institutional Mediators of Education for Sustainable Development Effectiveness Sustainability, 6. pp. 6553-6575. ISSN 2071-1050
  3. Harder, Marie, Velasco, Ismael, Burford, Gemma, Podger, D., Janouskova, Svatava, Piggot, G. and Hoover, Elona (2014)Reconceptualizing ‘effectiveness’ in environmental management: can we measure values-related achievements? Journal of Environmental Management, 139. pp. 120-134. ISSN 0301-4797
  4. Huang, Wenfang, Wang, Jie, Dai, Xinying, Li, Mingran and Harder, Marie (2014) More than financial investment is needed: food waste recycling pilots in Shanghai, China Journal of Cleaner Production, 67. pp. 107-116. ISSN 0959-6526
  5. Hoover, Elona and Harder, Marie (2014) What lies beneath the surface? The hidden complexities of organizational change for sustainability in higher education Journal of Cleaner Production. ISSN 0959-6526
  6. Burford, Gemma, Hoover, Elona, Velasco, Ismael, Janouskova, Svatava, Jimenez, Alicia, Piggot, Georgia, Podger, Dimity andHarder, Marie (2013) Bringing the "missing pillar" into sustainable development goals: towards intersubjective values-based indicators Sustainability, 5 (7). pp. 3035-3059. ISSN 2071-1050
  7. Podger, D., Velasco, Ismael, Amezcua Luna, Cardiela, Burford, Gemma and Harder, Marie (2013) Can values be measured? Significant contributions from a small civil society organisation through action research Action Research, 11 (1). pp. 8-30. ISSN 1476-7503
  8. Wang, Y., Lam, K., Harder, Marie, Ma, W. and Yu, Q. (2013) Developing an indicator system to foster sustainability in strategic planning in China: a case study of Pudong New Area, Shanghai Ecological Indicators, 29. pp. 376-389. ISSN 1470-160X
  9. Harder, Marie and White, Rehema (2013) The journey towards sustainability via community: lessons from two UK universitiesIn: Sterling, S., Maxey, L. and Luna, H., eds. The sustainable university: process and prospect. Routledge Studies in Sustainable Development . Routledge, Abingdon, UK, pp. 133-150. ISBN 9780415627740
  10. Harder, Marie, Burford, Gemma and Hoover, Elona (2013) What is participation? Design leads the way to a cross-disciplinary framework Design Issues, 29 (4). pp. 41-57. ISSN 0747-9360
  11. Rahman, K., Woodard, Ryan, Manzanares, Elizabeth and Harder, Marie (2013) An assessment of anaerobic digestion capacity in Bangladesh Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 32. pp. 762-769. ISSN 1364-0321
  12. Burford, Gemma, Kissmann, Susanne, Rosado-May, Francisco J., Alvarado Dzul, Santos H. and Harder, Marie (2012)Indigenous participation in intercultural education: learning from Mexico and Tanzania Ecology and Society, 17 (4). p. 33. ISSN 1708-3087
  13. Burford, Gemma, Valasco, I., Janoušková, S., Zahradnik, M., Hak, T., Podger, D., Piggot, G. and Harder, Marie (2012) Field trials of a novel toolkit for evaluating ‘intangible’ values-related dimensions of projects Evaluation and Program Planning, 36 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 0149-7189
  14. Podger, D., Piggot, G., Valasco, I., Zahradnik, M., Janoušková, S., Hak, T., Dahl, A., Jimenez, A. and Harder, Marie (2010)The Earth Charter and the ESDinds initiative: developing indicators and assessment tools for Civil Society Organisations to examine the values dimensions of sustainability projects Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, 4 (2). pp. 297-305. ISSN 0973-4082
  15. Harder, Marie and Woodard, Ryan (2009) Use of home food digesters to reduce household waste Proceedings of the ICE - Waste and Resource Management, 162 (2). pp. 69-73. ISSN 1747-6526
  16. Woodard, Ryan and Harder, Marie (2008) Increasing levels of recycling - assessing the impact of household incentives (revenue neutral) In: Waste 2008, Waste and Resource Management - A Shared Responsibility, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK, 16-17 Sep 2008.
  17. Harder, Marie and Woodard, Ryan (2008) Waste Prevention: the role of community Waste Prevention Advisors in West SussexIn: Waste and Resource Management - A Shared Responsibility, 2008, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, UK.
  18. Harder, Marie (2008) A brief evaluation of pilot household waste recycling schemes In: Waste 2008, Waste and Resource Management - A Shared Responsibility, Stratford-upon-Avon, UK, 16-17 September, 2008.
  19. Readman, Jeffrey, Morris, Richard, Smith, Steven, Manzanares, M., Harder, Marie and Bench, Matthew L. (2008) Lessons in the environmentally sensitive redesign of domestic and office furniture [Report (for external body)]
  20. Harder, Marie, Stantzos, N., Woodard, Ryan and Read, A. (2008) Development of a new quality fair access best value performance indicator (BVPI) for recycling services Waste Management, 28 (2). pp. 299-309. ISSN 0956-053X
  21. Carr, R., Zhang, C., Moles, Norman and Harder, Marie (2008) Identification and mapping of heavy metal pollution in soils of a sports ground in Galway City, Ireland, using a portable XRF analyser and GIS Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 30 (1). pp. 45-52. ISSN 0269-4042
  22. Forton, O.T., McGrady, L., Singh, M.M., Taylor, E.R.M., Moles, Norman and Harder, Marie (2007) Characterisation of rotary kiln residues from the pyrolysis of shredder residues: issues with lead Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolosis, 79 (1-2). pp. 395-402. ISSN 0165-2370
  23. Harder, Marie and Woodard, Ryan (2007) Systematic studies of shop and leisure voucher incentives for household recyclingResources, Conservation and Recycling, 51 (4). pp. 732-753. ISSN 0921-3449
  24. Harder, Marie and Forton, O.T. (2006) A critical review of developments in the pyrolysis of automotive shredder residue Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 79 (1-2). pp. 387-394. ISSN 0165-2370
  25. Harder, Marie, Woodard, Ryan and Bench, Matthew L. (2006) Two measured parameters correlated to participation rates in curbside recycling schemes in the UK Environmental Management, 37 (4). pp. 487-495. ISSN 1432-1009
  26. Forton, O.T., Harder, Marie and Moles, Norman (2006) Value from shredder waste: ongoing limitations in the UK Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 46 (1). pp. 104-113. ISSN 0921-3449
  27. Woodard, Ryan, Harder, Marie and Bench, Matthew L. (2006) Participation in curbside recycling schemes and its variation with material types Waste Management, 26 (8). pp. 914-919. ISSN 0956-053X
  28. Bench, Matthew L., Woodard, Ryan, Harder, Marie and Stantzos, Nikolaos (2005) Waste minimisation: home digestion trials of biodegradable waste Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 45 (1). pp. 84-94. ISSN 0921-3449
  29. Woodard, Ryan, Bench, Matthew L. and Harder, Marie (2005) The development of a UK kerbside scheme using known practice Journal of Environmental Management, 75 (2). pp. 115-127. ISSN 0301-4797
  30. Woodard, Ryan, Bench, Matthew L., Harder, Marie and Stantzos, Nikolaos (2004) The optimisation of household waste recycling centres for increased recycling—a case study in Sussex, UK Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 43 (1). pp. 75-93. ISSN 0921-3449
  31. Bench, Matthew L., Woodard, Ryan, Harder, Marie and Stantzos, Nikolaos (2004) Household attitudes to waste minimisation through home digestion of biodegradable waste In: ISWA World environment congress and exhibition, Rome, Italy.
  32. Stantzos, Nikolaos, Woodard, Ryan, Bench, Matthew L. and Harder, Marie (2004) The use of GIS for optimising household waste facilities In: ISWA World environment congress and exhibition, October, 2004, Rome, October 2004.
  33. Bench, Matthew L., Woodard, Ryan and Harder, Marie (2003) Household waste recycling sites: waste material composition by weight with a view to facility optimisation CIWM Scientific & Technical Review. pp. 2-8. ISSN 1740-3065
  34. Woodard, Ryan, Bench, Matthew L., Greenfield, David and Harder, Marie (2002) Achieving recycling targets in the UK - practical examples from East and West Sussex In: International Solid Waste Association Conference, Appropriate environmental and solid waste management and technologies for developing countries, Istanbul, Turkey, July 2002.
  35. Woodard, Ryan, Harder, Marie, Bench, Matthew L. and Philip, M. (2001) Evaluating the performance of a fortnightly collection of household waste separated into compostables, recyclates and refuse in the south of England Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 31 (3). pp. 265-284. ISSN 0921-3449
  36. Garcés Narro, J., Longour, C., Regan, P.H., Blank, B., Pearson, C.J., Lewitowicz, M., Miehé, C., Gelletly, W., Appelbe, D.,Axelsson, L., Bruce, Alison, Catford, W.N., Chandler, C., Clark, R.M., Cullen, D.M., Czajkowski, S., Daugas, J.M., Dessagne, P., Fleury, A., Frankland, L., Giovinazzo, J,, Greenhalgh, B., Grzywacz, R., Harder, Marie, Jones, K.L., Kelsall, N., Kszczot, T.,Page, R.D., Reed, A.T., Sorlin, O. and Wadsworth, R. (2001) Fermi superallowed β+ decays and T=1 ground states of heavy odd-odd N=Z nuclei Physical Review C, 63 (4). ISSN 0556-2813
  37. Woodard, Ryan, Harder, Marie and Bench, Matthew L. (2001) Landfill disposal in the South of England: trends from the past five years In: Waste in a competitive world: International Solid Waste Association Annual Congress, Stavangar, Norway, September 2001.
  38. Hooper, R., Harder, Marie and Potter, A.K.N. (2001) Profit from plastic In: Sixth International Conference on Engineering for Profit from Waste, IMechE London, UK, 13-14 November 2002.
  39. Williams, K.S., Singh, M.H., Hooper, R. and Harder, Marie (2001) Proving the principle: recovery of plastics from shredded ELVs In: Sixth International Conference on Engineering for Profit from Waste, IMechE London, UK, 13-14 November 2002.
  40. McGrady, Lucas and Harder, Marie (2001) Pyrolysis of shredder residue to recover valuable materials In: Sixth International Conference on Engineering for Profit from Waste, IMechE London, UK, 13-14 November 2002.
  41. McGrady, Lucas and Harder, Marie (2001) Pyrolysis of shredder residue: a method to recover material and energy In: Business and environment Wales 2001 conference: conference procedings, 9-10 October, 2001, Cardiff International Arena, Cardiff, UK, 2001.


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