Abstract Key species and processes involved in new particle formation (NPF) in the atmosphere remain to be understood. We review recent developments in the quantum-chemical research on multicomponent nucleation systems relevant to the Earth’s atmosphere and demonstrate why and how micro-to-nanoscale nucleation processes can impact atmospheric NPF, playing a role of the bridge between the quantum world and planetary atmosphere. We demonstrate that the performance of the classical nucleation theory (CNT) can be significantly enhanced by applying quantum-chemical corrections to the CNT nucleation rates and that quantum-chemical data can be efficiently used to constrain accurate kinetic multicomponent nucleation models due to the very fast gas-cluster-bulk liquid phase transition occurring while pre-nucleation clusters are being formed. We also review both capabilities and limitations of quantum methods used in nucleation research and discuss atmospheric implications and future perspectives of the quantum research in the atmospheric field.
Short Biographical Sketch of Prof. Alexey B. Nadykto:
Dr.Sc. (Dr.Habil.), Moscow State University of Technology Stankin (2012);
Ph.D. (Environmental Physics), University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland (with Prof. M. Kulmala and A. Laaksonen ) (1999);
Ph.D. (Physics & Mathematics), L.Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia;
M.Sc. (Quantum Physics), Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia (1997).
Current Academic Employment:
12/2013 - Head of the Laboratory of Molecular Modeling of Nanostructured Systems and Principle Scientist/Research Professor, Moscow State University of Technology “STANKIN”, Moscow, Russia;
02/2010 - Principle Scientist & Research Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, Moscow State University of Technology “STANKIN”, Moscow, Russia;
09/2005 - Senior Research Scientist, ASRC, State University of New York, Albany, New York, USA.
Editorial and Other Board Memberships:
Academic fields Central European Journal of Physics (CEJP) (Statistical and Non-Linear Physics), Editorial Board Member, 2008-2014;
Government Expert Council Member, the Committee for Energy, State Duma ( House of People's Representatives) of the Russian Federation, 2012-present time;
Board Member and the Executive Secretary of the Board, Scientific Advisory Board at the Chair of the Committee for Energy, State Duma ( House of People's Representatives) of the Russian Federation.
Awards and Fellowships:
02/2015 - Entropy 2015 Best Paper Award;
01/2002 - 12/2006 Research Fellowship, State University of New York, Albany, NY;
01/2001 - 12/2001 Fellowship of Nessling Foundation;
06/1999 - 12/2001 Postdoctoral Fellowship of Academy of Finland.
Over 50 research papers, letters, reviews, cover articles and invited contributions, in the fields of aerosol microphysics, physics and chemistry of aerodisperse systems, quantum chemistry of atmospheric species published in the leading international journals, including Phys.Rev.Lett., Phys.Rev.E, Atm.Phys.Chem., Phys.Chem.Chem.Phys., J.Phys.Chem A and others.