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庄国顺(特聘教授)
发表时间:2012-03-25 阅读次数:10272次

庄国顺   博士/特聘教授/博导

       复旦大学环境科学与工程系大气化学研究中心主任

       庄国顺教授所带领的课题组是2012年度国家自然科学奖二等奖获得者

 

 

个人简历 

       1967年复旦大学化学系五年制本科毕业;
        复旦大学化学系物理化学硕士;
        在美国罗德岛大学海洋研究生院, 师从前国际气象和大气科学协会主席(President of International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences )、现任国际海洋研究主席(President of  the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR))、国际知名大气科学家Robert.A.Duce 教授,获海洋大气化学博士学位;
   

        八十年代起在美国长期从事大气环境化学和海洋化学的研究,参加联合国环保署及美国国家科学基金会资助的全球大气海气交换项目如“SEAREX”、“AEROCE”等研究,对太平洋及包括东亚及中国大陆上空 的气溶胶的研究达20年之久;

       1998年回国任北京师范大学化学系教授、博士生导师,北京师范大学大气化学校级重点实验室暨北京师范大学大气环境研究中心主任。

 

学术兼职

        国际SOLAS (Surface Ocean - Lower Atmosphere Study)计划执行委员会委员

        中国科学院大气物理研究所国家重点实验室学术委员会委员

        中国科学院核技术重点实验室(高能所和上海原子核所)学术委员

        国家一级杂志“核技术”编委

  
研究方向
  
        长期从事大气化学尤其是气溶胶的研究工作,在海洋大气化学领域有以下几个突出贡献:

        1.首次发现了在氧化性气氛较强的海洋气溶胶颗粒物中存在大量二价铁;

        2.提出大气溶胶中的铁是某些海区海洋生产力的限制因素、即海洋表层水中的铁的最主要来源;

        3.1992年作为第一作者提出了硫铁耦合的全球生物地球化学循环的转化机理。发表于国际知名杂志“Nature”,引起了国际上同行的广泛注意。关于大气溶胶的研究曾获得美国化学会环境化学分会颁发的优秀科研奖。国际大气化学协会主席、美国科学院院士Dr. Robert A. Duce1992年曾称“庄为当时国际上3-4名大气中铁的生物地球化学专家之一”。

 

科研项目

1. 国家自然科学基金会重点项目:沙尘暴气溶胶的理化特性及其对人体健康的影响。(2003.1-2006.12,200万元,我们40万元),批准号:30230310,为本项目提供沙尘的监测基础及对人体健康影响的研究基础。
2. 国家自然科学基金面上项目:中国沙尘与污染物气溶胶的相互作用及其对全球环境变化的影响 (2006.1-2008.12,35万元),批准号:40575062,主持,为本项目提供沙尘与污染物气溶胶的相互作用的研究基础。
3. 国家自然科学基金面上项目:我国气溶胶的表面结构和气-固复相反应及其对全球环境变化的重要影响。(2005.1-2007.12,30万元),批准号:20477004,主持,为本项目提供气固复相反应的研究基础。
4. 北京市自然科学基金会重点项目:沙尘和北京城市交通活动造成的颗粒物污染研究。(2004.1-2006.12,50万元),批准号:8041003,主持,为本项目提供人为活动产生污染物与沙尘相互作用的研究基础。
5. 瑞典国际资助组织SIDA资助的国际合作项目:改善空气质量的综合研究。(2001.1-2007.12 ,80万元),批准号:,承担北京市室内外空气质量的监测和模式研究,以及大气污染物的源解析问题的研究,为本项目提供监测基础和源解析技术。
6. 完成国家自然科学基金会重点项目:与全球环境变化有关的我国含硫化合物排放的基础研究。(1999.1-2002.12,100万元,我们25万元.),批准号:29837190。评审等级为优。
7. 完成国家自然科学基金面上项目:我国气溶胶的来源,转化及其对气候的影响的研究。(2001.1-2003.12,28万元),批准号:20077004。
8. 完成北京市自然科学基金会重点项目:北京地区大气污染的来源,分布及转化。(1999.8-2002.7,25万元),批准号:8991002。评审等级为特优。
9. 完成高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金:中国气溶胶、沙尘暴中的细颗粒物的形成、转化及其对全球环境变化的影响。(2002.1-2004.12,5万元),批准号:20010027017。

        这些项目较为系统全面地研究了北京地区和中国的沙尘暴气溶胶,取得一系列创新性的成果。论证了沙尘和污染物气溶胶的相互作用及对污染物的积聚作用;论述了 北京颗粒物中的主要组分沙尘、硫酸盐和硝酸盐、有机物气溶胶及其所含的元素、离子的存在形式、分布和来源;首次发现了存在于北京颗粒物中MSA应来自于不 可忽视的陆地污染源;提出了定量估计北京颗粒物沙尘组分的本地源和外地源的方法;进一步验证了大气海洋物质交换中的硫铁耦合机制;论证了中国城市化和机动 车化所引起的城市空气质量的变化主要是颗粒物的严重污染对全球生物地球化学循环和全球气候变化可能引起的重大影响。

 
学术成果

        有博士论文专著一部“大气中铁的物理化学”(英文),并合计发表论文50多篇。回国6年来2000-2005至今发表 37 篇论文,其中 26 篇 SCI 论文。还有 9 篇SCI 论文在审。2005年至今共撰写25篇论文,已发表(包括已接受正在出版) 17 篇论文,其中 SCI 论文11 篇, SCIE 1 篇,国内核心期刊5篇。还有 7 篇SCI 论文和1篇SCIE论文在审。2004年 发表 10 论文,其中SCI 9 篇;2003 年发表 6 篇论文,其中SCI 3 篇;论文多数发表于国际一流杂志如Nature(自然)、JGR(美国地球物理研究杂志),Atmospheric Environment(大气环境)、Global Biogeochemical Cycle(全球生物地球化学循环)、Marine Chemistry(海洋化学)、Analytical Chemistry(分析化学)和“科学通报”、“中国科学”等杂志。

Recent Publications and Important papers published after I back at China:
1. Sun, Y., G. Zhuang, Y. Wang, X. Zhao, J. Li, Z. Wang, and Z. An (2005), Chemical composition of dust storms in Beijing and implications for the mixing of mineral aerosol with pollution aerosol on the pathway, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D24209, doi:10.1029/2005JD006054 (SCI)
2. Aohan Tang, Guoshun Zhuang, Ying Wang, Hui Yuan, Yele Sun, The chemistry of precipitation and its relation to aerosol in Beijing, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, 39(19): 3397-3406.
3. Ying Wang, Guoshun Zhuang, Aohan Tang, Hui Yuan, Yele Sun,Shuang Chen, Aihua Zheng The ion chemistry and the source of PM2.5 aerosol in Beijing, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, 39(21): 3771-3784
4. Diandou Xu, Mo Dan, Yan Song, ZhifangChai, Guoshun Zhuang, Concentration characteristics of extractable organohalogens in PM2.5 and PM10 in Beijing, China, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, 39(22): 4119–4128.
5. Xingying Zhang, Guoshun Zhuang, Jianmin Chen, Huaxin Xue, Speciation of the elements and composition on the surface of dust storm particles—The evidence for the coupling of iron with sulfur in the aerosol during the long-range transport Chinese Science Bulletin 2005, 50 (8), 738-744. (SCI)
6. HAN Lihui, ZHUANG Guoshun, SUN Yele, WANG Zifa, Local and non-local sources of airborne particulate pollution at Beijing Science in China Ser. B Chemistry 2005, 48(4), 253-264.
7. Ying Wang, Guoshun Zhuang, Yele Sun, Zhisheng An, Water-soluble part of the aerosol in the dust storm season——Evidence of the mixing between mineral and pollution aerosols, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, 39(37): 7020-7029 (SCI)
8. Ying Wang, Guoshun Zhuang, Xingying Zhang, Aohan Tang, Kan Huang, Chang Xu, Jianmin Chen, Mingxing Sun,The ion chemistry, seasonal cycle, and sources of PM2.5 and TSP aerosol in Shanghai,Atmospheric Environment, 2005, in press. (SCI)
9. Yele Sun, Guoshun Zhuang, Ying Wang, Yahui Zhuang, Characteristics and sources of the heavy lead pollution after phasing out leaded-gasoline in Beijing, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, in review (SCI)
10. Wenjie Zhang, Yele Sun, Guoshun Zhuang, Dongqun Xu, Characteristics and seasonal variations of PM2.5, PM10, and TSP aerosol in Beijing, Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2005, in press, (SCIE)
11. Hui Yuan, Guoshun Zhuang, Kenneth A. Rahn, Xingying Zhang, Yongliang Li, The mixing of mineral aerosol with pollution aerosol during dust storm, Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmos.), 2005, in press. (SCI)
12. Yele Sun, Guoshun Zhuang, Aohan Tang, Ying Wang, Zhisheng An, Chemical Characteristics of PM2.5 and PM10 in Haze-fog Episodes in Beijing, Environmental Science and technology 2005, in press. (SCI)
13. Xingying Zhang, Guoshun Zhuang, Jianmin Chen, Ying Wang, Xiao Wang, Zhisheng An, Heterogeneous reactions of sulfur dioxide on mineral particles, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, in review, (SCI)
14. Ying Wang, Guoshun Zhuang, Shuang Chen, Zhisheng An, Characteristics and sources of formic, acetic and oxalic acids of PM2.5 aerosols in Beijing, China, Environmental Science and technology, 2005, in review, (SCI)
15. Wenjie Zhang, Dongqun Xu, Guoshun Zhuang, Changming Ding, Junrui Chang, Guifang Wang, Gaiying Ren, Ambient level, personal exposure and the biomarker of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in PM2.5 in Beijing, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, in review (SCI)
16. Hui Yuan, Guoshun Zhuang, Ying Wang, Kenneth A. Rahn, Jie Li, Source apportionment study on the mixing of mineral with pollution aerosols of Beijing during dust period in 2001 and 2002, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, in review (SCI)
17. Guoshun Zhuang, Yele Sun, Ying Wang, Xingying Zhang, Zhisheng An,The most intense dust storm in historical record at Beijing and its impact on the global biogeochemical cycles, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2005, in review, (SCI)
18. Xiujuan Zhao, Zifa Wang, Guoshun Zhuang, Yele Sun, Ying Wang, and Hui Yuan, The composition change and the Intra-mixing of mineral dust with pollution aerosol revealed by the two peaks of a super dust storm in Beijing 2002, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, in review (SCI)。
19. Ximei Hou, Guoshun Zhuang, Characterization and Source of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Fatty Acids in PM2.5 in Dust Episodes in China, 2004, Atmospheric Environment, 2005, in review. (SCI)
20. Jinghua Guo, Kenneth A. Rahn, and Guoshun Zhuang, A mechanism for the increase of pollution elements in dust storms in Beijing, Atmospheric Environment, 2004, 38 (6), 855-862. (SCI)
21. Dan Mo, Guoshun Zhuang, Xinxin Li, Hairong Tao, Yahui Zhuang, The Characteristics of carbonaceous species and their sources in PM2.5 in Beijing, Atmospheric Environment 2004, 38, 3443-3452. (SCI)
22. Yele Sun, Guoshun Zhuang, Hui Yuan, Xingying Zhang, Jinghua Guo, Characteristics and sources of 2002 super dust storm in Beijing, China Science Bulletin, 2004, 49(8) 698-705. (SCI)
23. Yele Sun, Guoshun Zhuang, Ying Wang, Lihui Han, Mo Dan, Jinghua Guo, Wenjie Zhang, Zifa Wang, Zhengping Hao, The air-borne particulate pollution in Beijing−Concentrations, composition, distribution, and sources of Beijing aerosol, Atmospheric Environment, 2004, 38, 5991–6004. (SCI)
24. Hui Yuan, Ying Wang, Guoshun Zhuang, MSA in Beijing aerosol, China Science Bulletin, 2004, 49 (10), 1020-1025. (SCI)
25. Hui Yuan, Kenneth A. Rahn, Guoshun Zhuang, Graphical techniques for analyzing the chemistry of individual aerosol particles, Atmospheric Environment, 2004, 38(39), 6845-6854.
26. Guoshun Zhuang,Jinghua Guo,Hui Yuan,Xingying Zhang,Coupling and Feedback Between Iron and Sulphur in Air-Sea Exchange,China Science Bulletin, 2003, 48(11),1080-1086。(SCI)
27. Meng-Xia Xie, Fang Xie, Zhi-Wei Deng, Guo-Shun Zhuang, Determination of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons in aerosol by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrum,Talanta, 2003,60,1245-1257.
28. Guoshun Zhuang, Ronghui Huang, Mingxing Wang, Q. Zhou, Jinghua Guo, Hui Yuan, Zhiming Rao, The Great Progress in Aerosol Study and Their Impact on the Global Environment, Natural Science Progress, (2002), 12(6), 407-413..(SCIE)
29. Guoshun Zhuang,Jinghua Guo,Hui Yuan,Chengyi Zhao, The compositions, sources, and size distribution of the dust storm from China in spring of 2000 and its impact on the global environment, China Science Bulletin, 2001, 46 (11), 895-901. (SCI)
30. 韩力慧, 庄国顺, 孙业乐,王自发,北京大气颗粒物污染本地源与外来源的区分——元素比值Mg/Al示踪法估算矿物气溶胶外来源的贡献,中国科学,B辑,化学,2005,35 (3), 1-10.
31. 贾龙, 葛茂发, 庄国顺, 姚立, 王殿勋, 对流层夜间化学研究进展, 化学进展(accepted), SCIE in press.
32. 贾龙,葛茂发, 庄国顺,孙政,王殿勋,对流层中OH与HO2自由基的研究进展,化学通报,2005, 68, 736-744.
33. 徐殿斗,淡默,宋燕,柴之芳,庄国顺,北京大气气溶胶中有机碳及可萃取有机卤素污染物,中国环境科学, 2005, 25 (Suppl.):17~21.(ChinaA)
34. 郭敬华,张兴赢,庄国顺*,超痕量Fe(II)的高效液相色谱测定及其在大气化学研究中的应用, 分析测试学报,2005, 24 (1), 42-45. (China A)。
35. 贾龙, 葛茂发, 徐永福, 杜林, 庄国顺, 王殿勋, 大气臭氧化学研究进展, 化学进展(submitted) SCIE
36. 孙业乐,庄国顺*,袁蕙,张兴赢,郭敬华,2002年北京特大沙尘暴的理化特性及其组分来源分析,科学通报, 2004, 49 (4), 340-346.(SCI)
37. 袁蕙, 王 瑛, 庄国顺* 北京气溶胶中的 MSA,科学通报 2004, 49 (8),.744-749.(SCI)
38. 张兴赢,庄国顺*,陈建民, 薛华欣,沙尘暴颗粒物表面元素存在形态和组成, 科学通报,2004, 49(24), 2544-2550.(SCI)
39. 张兴赢,庄国顺*,袁蕙, 北京沙尘暴的盐湖盐渍土源——单颗粒物分析提供的重要证据, 中国环境科学, 2004, 24(5),533-537.(ChinaA)
40. 庄国顺,郭敬华,袁蕙,张兴赢,大气和海洋中的铁硫耦合反馈机制, 科学通报,2003,48(4),313-319。(SCI)
41. 袁蕙,王瑛,庄国顺,气溶胶、降水中的有机酸、甲磺酸及无机阴离子的离子色谱同时快速测定法,分析测试学报,2003,22, (6),11-14. (China A)。
42. 庄国顺, 沧海桑田----中国的沙尘暴、气溶胶与全球生物地球化学循环, 科学中国人, 2003, 6, 38-42.
43. 庄国顺,我国城市空气质量与城市化机动车化, 科学中国人, 2003, 8, 28-29.
44. 庄国顺, 郭敬华, Q. ZHOU, R. A. Duce, 核分析技术在大气环境研究中的重要应用, 核技术,2001, 24(9), 770-775。(China A)
45. 庄国顺, 郭敬华,袁 蕙,赵承易,2000年我国沙尘暴的组成、来源、粒径分布及其对全球环境的影响, 科学通报,2001,46(3),191-197。(SCI)
46. 庄国顺, 人定胜天吗? 中国国家地理, 2000, 12, 6-6.
Those important “key” papers published before I back to China:
47. Guoshun Zhuang, Z Yi, R. A. Duce, and P. R Brown, Link between iron and sulfur suggested by the detection of Fe(II) in remote marine aerosols, Nature, 1992, 355, 537-539.
48. Guoshun Zhuang, R. A. Duce, and D. R. Kester, The dissolution of atmospheric iron in surface seawater of the open ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 1990, 95, 16207-16216.
49. Guoshun Zhuang, Z. Yi., and G. T. Wallace, Iron(II) in rainwater, snow, and surface seawater from a coastal environment, Marine Chemistry, 1995, 50, 41-50.
50. Guoshun Zhuang, Z. Yi, R A. Duce, and P. R. Brown, Iron chemistry in marine aerosols, Global Biogeochemical Cycle, 1992, 6, 161-173.
51. Guoshun Zhuang, and R. A. Duce, The adsorption of the dissolved iron onto the aerosol particles in the surface seawater of the open ocean, Deep-Sea Research, 1993, 40, 1413-1429
52. Guoshun Zhuang, Z. Yi, P. R. Brown, and R. A. Duce, Determination of Fe(II) in the atmosphere and ocean by high performance liquid chromatography, Analytical Chemistry, 1992, 64, 2826-2830.
53. Yi, Zhen; Zhuang, Guoshun; Brown, Phyllis R. Analysis of metal ions by high performance liquid chromatography. Journal of Liquid Chromatography, 1993, 16(15), 3133-3170.
54. Guoshun Zhuang, Li, Q. Chan; Cohen, Kenneth A.; A capillary gas chromatographic procedure for the analysis of nine common residual solvents in water-insoluble bulk pharmaceuticals. Journal of Chromatographic Science, 1998, 36(3), 119-124.


联系方式:55664579   gzhuang@fudan.edu.cn

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